Tag Archives: Environment

CCS completes successful commercial testing of CDRMax

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Revolutionizing carbon capture technology, we have successfully completed commercial testing of our proprietary CDRMax® carbon dioxide capture solvent technology at Solvay Vishnu Barium recently. The Commercial demonstration of CDRMax®, developed for treating industrial emissions, established breakthrough energy savings and robust performance in the industrial setting where the technology is being operated since August 2012. The 22MTPD (metric tons per day) plant, or 7700 tons per annum CO2 capture plant, , is owned by Solvay Chemicals and is located in India.

The CDRMax® solvent enabled capture of CO2 from a slipstream of flue gas for over 2500 hours, far more than the norm for industrial testing. “The Solvay plant testing has exhibited the robustness of CCS’s technology, which requires almost no modifications to the existing setup”, remarked Prateek Bumb, the Chief Technical Officer of CCS. The flue gas, which originates from a kiln source, contains impurities like high SOx content, NOx (upto 45ppm), particulate matter and high oxygen content. Compared to other technologies previously being used, the CDRMax® solvent required over 10 times less make-up solvent replenishment, consumed 7 times less water, and resulted in increased solvent life by 3 times, leading to savings of $23 per ton of CO2 captured. “The main advantages are lower specific energy consumption by about 30% compared to conventional technology and high O2 tolerance level” said Mr. Tirthankar Mitra, MD Solvay Vishnu Barium.

Tremendous research has gone into post-combustion carbon capture technology as it presents the most seamless and cost-effective way to reduce emissions from existing installations, especially given global governmental push towards stringent regulations. CCS has been at the forefront of technological innovation in chemical solvents for post combustion capture and has secured grants from the UK government and the World Bank (in conjunction with research partner ICT Mumbai). The CCS technology can be retro-fitted to existing installations, and has been independently evaluated by third parties such as TNO as among the best in the market currently.

“The commercial validation has supplied a wealth of data and proof that the technology can be easily scaled up 10-20 times to be fitted into 200-400 MTPD plants. The consistent capture of CO2 from the rapidly changing input gas showcases the technology’s utility in a variety of applications, ranging from industries which require CO2 as input for downstream processes, to power plants which want to reduce emissions and even in biogas up-gradation into natural gas”, said Chief Executive Officer, Aniruddha Sharma.

Adoption of Industrial Carbon Capture

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Emission of carbon dioxide is changing the environment around us in an irreversible manner. Recently, Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii recorded carbon dioxide concentration of 400 parts per million (ppm) a record high.Production of carbon dioxide has accelerated in past few decades, led by rapid industrialization and increase in population.Long accepted by scientists, leader around the world are now actively engaging in announcing measures to curb and control emission of carbon dioxide.

In fact, President Obama in a recent speech stated that “the question is not whether we need to act — the overwhelming judgment of science, of chemistry and physics and millions of measurements, has put all that to rest.”

He also said: “The question now is whether we will have the courage to act before it’s too late.”

Somewhat driven by regulation, many industries are now recognizing the need for low carbon methods of production. Carbon capture is without a doubt first on the list. Carbon Capture technology holds the key to revolutionize the way carbon dioxide is emitted from industries.

Understanding industrial Carbon Capture:

Manufacturing processes and production of goods releases flue / waste gases into the atmosphere. These gases can be seen as smokestacks rising from chimneyof these industrial facilities.Carbon dioxide is a major pollutant and component of these gases and once released into the atmosphereit accelerates global warming.

The process of Carbon Capture involves capturing carbon dioxide from point sources like large factories and industrial facilities. For example, fossil fuel plants are one of the biggest contributors to excess and harmful carbon dioxide. This carbon dioxide, once captured is transported to a location where it is utilized for producing a product or storing underground. Former is an existing approach used in urea and chemicals industry. While, later involves storing carbon dioxide underground so thatit will not escape into the atmosphere. This is generally under a geological structure, which traps the carbon dioxide.

In the fertilizer industry carbon dioxide is an important raw material. When urea an important fertilizer is produces huge amounts of carbon dioxide is used along with ammonia. Such a beneficial conversion of carbon dioxide reduces emissions, saves energy and produces economic value.

In power generation using fossil fuels carbon emissions are unavoidable. CCS is the only technology available, which offers the potential to convert the carbon dioxide emissions into harmless reusable products. Although this is widely being considered, a big wave of change in the processing of carbon emissions is still to be seen.

Since the time of the industrial revolution, steel has been the backbone of the world’s economy. World simply cannot do without steel. In such a situation, cutting back on the production of steel to reduce its impact on the environment is not an option. However, a cleaner way to manufacture steel can be utilized. Most steel industries use coal or natural gas as fuel. The result of using fossil fuelsis of course, carbon emissions.

The solution to this problem is carbon capture.It is an effective answer to the dilemma the steel industry is facing today. When fitted to a steel plant carbon capture reduces the carbon dioxide emissions by 30% – 90%. With a modified process, efficiency could also be improved.

Carbon Clean Solutions’ breakthrough and cost effective technology offers prospective for carbon emission free industrial production& processes. Company’s patented technology to effectively remove about 90% of the harmful carbon dioxide emissions from the flue gases can be retrofitted to all chemical, steel and process plants.

 

Global Warming and our Future

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We do realize that summers are longer than they should be; that monsoons retreat later than they actually should; that the December month doesn’t see the same winter anymore; Don’t we?

Is it the mood swing of the weather? Nope! It isn’t. Its the greed of the mankind. The destruction and burning down of tropical forests for our increased needs of food, clothing and shelter – as we overpopulate, traffic clogging up the city streets, rapid growth of unplanned industries, the use of CFC’s in packaging and manufacturing products, the use of detergents, and so much more that has given birth to the evil child that acts as a demon today – Global Warming. Besides, overpopulation, deforestation are the causative factors of Global Warming; the setting up of mills and factories in an unplanned way has a great effect on environment. These mills and factories produce black smoke which gets mixed with air and increases the amount of CO2.

Effects of Global Warming are characterized by the snow ice caps which are melting away, the flora and fauna that is disrupted and getting extinct , the extensive green cover that is being deforested, the pure blue waters which are now teamed up with drainage sewage, a pleasant climate which is now becoming hotter which is leading to rising sea levels thereby exhausting wetlands and posing threat to people living by the coastal areas. Burning of gasoline in internal-combustion engine of vehicles, vehicles with poor gas mileage, the sulphur group gas emitted from the burning of fossil fuels have increased the global temperatures which can lead to the outbreak of air-borne and water-borne diseases. It would also contribute to the rise in death caused by heat. This “hot world” has reduced the amount of rainfall thereby hampering the plantation and crop growth – which can soon lead to malnourishment and starvation of life on earth. The Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s) emitted from our very own refrigerators, air conditioners etc. have also started depleting the ozone layer – the layer that protects humans on earth from the harmful and carcinogenic UV Rays.

How do we help reverse such a situation? The need of the hour is to bring about a massive difference even by taking toddler yet effective steps of – Planting more trees and reducing timber cuts worldwide will help restore the imbalance. Secondly, we must follow on environmental policy of ‘reduce, reuse, recycle’ – promoting the reuse of anything and everything. Thirdly, the use of fuel-efficient vehicles should be promoted as these vehicles have lower emissions of harmful gases. Fourthly, every individual should be aware of the importance of the protecting environment. Besides, Eco- friendly technologies like carbon capture must be promoted, and must be used as a substitute for those technologies which cause great emission of global warming gases. Public awareness campaign can be of great help in this regard because unless each and every individual is aware only governments’ effect cannot bring desired difference.

The “painting roads white” approach, to reflect light rather than trap it as heat can also be effective. Encouraging growth of plankton and thus fish, probably by adding nutrients to oceanic deserts. Fish can be harvested commercially (though many oceanic deserts are outside exclusive economic zones, hence a free-rider problem). Fish not harvested die and fall to the bottom, where some of the carbon in their bones is sequestered as limestone. Injecting aerosols (sulfur oxides) into the upper atmosphere can help avoid social collapse.

Taking an initiative to provide some relief to the planet earth from such ‘unpleasant warmth’, is really required and should be implemented at each level by every world dweller, before it gets too late