Emission of carbon dioxide is changing the environment around us in an irreversible manner. Recently, Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii recorded carbon dioxide concentration of 400 parts per million (ppm) a record high.Production of carbon dioxide has accelerated in past few decades, led by rapid industrialization and increase in population.Long accepted by scientists, leader around the world are now actively engaging in announcing measures to curb and control emission of carbon dioxide.
In fact, President Obama in a recent speech stated that “the question is not whether we need to act — the overwhelming judgment of science, of chemistry and physics and millions of measurements, has put all that to rest.”
He also said: “The question now is whether we will have the courage to act before it’s too late.”
Somewhat driven by regulation, many industries are now recognizing the need for low carbon methods of production. Carbon capture is without a doubt first on the list. Carbon Capture technology holds the key to revolutionize the way carbon dioxide is emitted from industries.
Understanding industrial Carbon Capture:
Manufacturing processes and production of goods releases flue / waste gases into the atmosphere. These gases can be seen as smokestacks rising from chimneyof these industrial facilities.Carbon dioxide is a major pollutant and component of these gases and once released into the atmosphereit accelerates global warming.
The process of Carbon Capture involves capturing carbon dioxide from point sources like large factories and industrial facilities. For example, fossil fuel plants are one of the biggest contributors to excess and harmful carbon dioxide. This carbon dioxide, once captured is transported to a location where it is utilized for producing a product or storing underground. Former is an existing approach used in urea and chemicals industry. While, later involves storing carbon dioxide underground so thatit will not escape into the atmosphere. This is generally under a geological structure, which traps the carbon dioxide.
In the fertilizer industry carbon dioxide is an important raw material. When urea an important fertilizer is produces huge amounts of carbon dioxide is used along with ammonia. Such a beneficial conversion of carbon dioxide reduces emissions, saves energy and produces economic value.
In power generation using fossil fuels carbon emissions are unavoidable. CCS is the only technology available, which offers the potential to convert the carbon dioxide emissions into harmless reusable products. Although this is widely being considered, a big wave of change in the processing of carbon emissions is still to be seen.
Since the time of the industrial revolution, steel has been the backbone of the world’s economy. World simply cannot do without steel. In such a situation, cutting back on the production of steel to reduce its impact on the environment is not an option. However, a cleaner way to manufacture steel can be utilized. Most steel industries use coal or natural gas as fuel. The result of using fossil fuelsis of course, carbon emissions.
The solution to this problem is carbon capture.It is an effective answer to the dilemma the steel industry is facing today. When fitted to a steel plant carbon capture reduces the carbon dioxide emissions by 30% – 90%. With a modified process, efficiency could also be improved.
Carbon Clean Solutions’ breakthrough and cost effective technology offers prospective for carbon emission free industrial production& processes. Company’s patented technology to effectively remove about 90% of the harmful carbon dioxide emissions from the flue gases can be retrofitted to all chemical, steel and process plants.