We do realize that summers are longer than they should be; that monsoons retreat later than they actually should; that the December month doesn’t see the same winter anymore; Don’t we?
Is it the mood swing of the weather? Nope! It isn’t. Its the greed of the mankind. The destruction and burning down of tropical forests for our increased needs of food, clothing and shelter – as we overpopulate, traffic clogging up the city streets, rapid growth of unplanned industries, the use of CFC’s in packaging and manufacturing products, the use of detergents, and so much more that has given birth to the evil child that acts as a demon today – Global Warming. Besides, overpopulation, deforestation are the causative factors of Global Warming; the setting up of mills and factories in an unplanned way has a great effect on environment. These mills and factories produce black smoke which gets mixed with air and increases the amount of CO2.
Effects of Global Warming are characterized by the snow ice caps which are melting away, the flora and fauna that is disrupted and getting extinct , the extensive green cover that is being deforested, the pure blue waters which are now teamed up with drainage sewage, a pleasant climate which is now becoming hotter which is leading to rising sea levels thereby exhausting wetlands and posing threat to people living by the coastal areas. Burning of gasoline in internal-combustion engine of vehicles, vehicles with poor gas mileage, the sulphur group gas emitted from the burning of fossil fuels have increased the global temperatures which can lead to the outbreak of air-borne and water-borne diseases. It would also contribute to the rise in death caused by heat. This “hot world” has reduced the amount of rainfall thereby hampering the plantation and crop growth – which can soon lead to malnourishment and starvation of life on earth. The Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s) emitted from our very own refrigerators, air conditioners etc. have also started depleting the ozone layer – the layer that protects humans on earth from the harmful and carcinogenic UV Rays.
How do we help reverse such a situation? The need of the hour is to bring about a massive difference even by taking toddler yet effective steps of – Planting more trees and reducing timber cuts worldwide will help restore the imbalance. Secondly, we must follow on environmental policy of ‘reduce, reuse, recycle’ – promoting the reuse of anything and everything. Thirdly, the use of fuel-efficient vehicles should be promoted as these vehicles have lower emissions of harmful gases. Fourthly, every individual should be aware of the importance of the protecting environment. Besides, Eco- friendly technologies like carbon capture must be promoted, and must be used as a substitute for those technologies which cause great emission of global warming gases. Public awareness campaign can be of great help in this regard because unless each and every individual is aware only governments’ effect cannot bring desired difference.
The “painting roads white” approach, to reflect light rather than trap it as heat can also be effective. Encouraging growth of plankton and thus fish, probably by adding nutrients to oceanic deserts. Fish can be harvested commercially (though many oceanic deserts are outside exclusive economic zones, hence a free-rider problem). Fish not harvested die and fall to the bottom, where some of the carbon in their bones is sequestered as limestone. Injecting aerosols (sulfur oxides) into the upper atmosphere can help avoid social collapse.
Taking an initiative to provide some relief to the planet earth from such ‘unpleasant warmth’, is really required and should be implemented at each level by every world dweller, before it gets too late